One of the most celebrated and iconoclastic figures of the American musical avant-garde, John Cage has been instrumental in reshaping postwar Western music. Cage's radical innovations in compositions and theory — the application of chance and "found" sound as an integral compositional device, the creation of musical structures based on rhythm rather than tonality — were influential in altering traditional concepts of musical interpretation. full biography
Cage, John and Joan Retallack. Musicage: Cage Muses on Words Art Music. Middletown, CT: Wesleyan University Press, 1996.
Cage, John. Silence. Middletown, CT: Wesleyan University Press, 1973.
Kostelanetz, Richard,ed. John Cage: An Anthology. New York: Praeger Publishers, Inc., 1970.
Perloff, Marjorie and Charles Junkerman, editors. John Cage: Composed in America. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1994.
Pritchett, James. The Music of John Cage. Cambridge, UK:Cambridge University Press, 1993.
Vaughan, David. Merce Cunningham: Fifty Years. New York: Aperture, 1997.